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Mauritius

'You gather the idea that Mauritius was made first, and then heaven; and that heaven was copied after Mauritius.'
Mark Twain, Following the equator 1897

Mauritius Long known as a preferred holiday/vacation destination for royalty and the glitterati. Mauritius is an island country situated in the Indian Ocean. It is located about 2,400 kilometres off the South East Coast of Africa (or 500 miles East of Madagascar) and 3,943 kilometres away from the southwest of India. Mauritius forms part of the Mascarene Archipelago, and is all that remains of an ancient land mass that Asia and Africa was once a part of. The island covers an area of 1,865 square kilometres or 720 square miles, while its Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) covers a vast area of about 1.8 million square kilometres which is a thousand times its land area. Mauritius was formed from 3 major volcanic eruptions that occurred over the last 12 million years to the last one "only" 20,000 years ago since the Serravallian geological era. Mauritius has a central plateau which is partially surrounded by mountains ranges in Port Louis and Moka, which points to being a boundary of big caldera. Piton de la Petite Rivière Noire (Black River Peak) is the island's highest peak standing tall at 828 metres. The island country consists of a large collection of smaller islands in the Indian Ocean, some of the bigger islands are the Agalega Islands, ‘L'ile aux Cerfs’, 'Benitier Island', ‘Coin de Mire', Flat Island, Cargados Carajos, to name a few.

Mauritius is a democratic state based on the Westminster mode which consists of a President as the head of the State, and Prime Minister being the Head of Government. The Island was once known as Île de France when it was under French rule. The Republic is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, Southern Africa the African Union and the Common Market for Eastern Southern Africa the African Union and the Southern African Development Community.

Mauritius is famous for its Post Office stamps of 1847 particularly its twopence blue stamp, the ‘Blue Mauritius’. This country is also known for home of the Dodo, the Dodo bird features as a fictional character in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland by author Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (aka Lewis Carroll).

Here is some data about Mauritius:
Languages:English (official), French, Mauritian Creole (derived from French), Hindi, Bhojpuri, Hakka
Climate:Tropical throughout the year. Slightly cooler from June to September
Religions:Hindu 48%, Roman Catholic 23.6%, Muslim 16.6%, other Christian 8.6%, other 2.5%, unspecified 0.3%, none 0.4% (2000 census)
Currency: Mauritian Rupee (MUR, symbol: Rs -find the latest rupees currency rate)
Independence: 12 March 1968 Mauritius Independence Day: 12 March (1968)
Country Calling Code: +230 (Useful Emergency Contact Numbers)
Population: 1,291,456 (as at 1st July 2012; includes 38,167 Rodrigues, and 289 for Agalega and St. Brandon islands. See the Mauritius Demographics page for further population statistics.
Capital: Port Louis
Airport Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam Airport (SSR)
ISO Code: MU
GPS Coordinates: -20.316, 57.505
Health: Tap water is safely consumable. No Malaria hazards
Electricity: 240V/50Hz (Electrical sockets/plugs are UK 3 pin type)
Banking hours:

Monday to Thursday: 9.15 am - 3.15 pm
Friday: 9.15 am - 3.30 pm
Saturday: 9.15 am - 11.15 am (Some banks)

Post Offices: Opening times:
Monday to Friday 9 – 11 a.m. and from noon – 4 p.m.
Saturday 8 a.m. – noon

Official Flag of Mauritius has been raised officially since 12 March 1968:

Official Flag of Mauritius: four horizontal strips of Red, Blue, Yellow and Green.

The Mauritian motto written in Latin is:Stella Clavisque Maris Indici (translated in English: Star and Key of the Indian Ocean)

 
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